How is CBD Hemp Oil made?
What is CBD?CBD (Cannabidiol) is a compound obtained from the hemp plant and is one of the other 100 cannabinoids found in it. Another one that people usually know about is THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) which is responsible for making you feel the “high”. Being that CBD contains less than 0.03% of THC, it won’t make you “high” and it’s considered extremely safe to use.
How can CBD be beneficial for your health?Studies have shown that CBD, as endocannabinoid, has beneficial effects on the body. By acting on the endocannabinoid system that exists in all of us, CBD hemp oil helps the body cope with various diseases. Thanks to its anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, analgesic, neuroprotective, antipsychotic, anti-convulsive properties, it has come to the forefront of medical research into alternative treatments and is used by many around the world to relieve various ailments. CBD oil benefits list is long, but here are some of the most common ones:
- Relieves pain
- Reduces stress and anxiety
- Improves sleep quality
- Improves heart rate
- Regulates appetite
- Helps with seizures
- Slows down the development of Alzheimer's disease
- Helps with cancer treatment.
The Extraction Process
The preparation of CBD oil from flowers of organically grown industrial hemp, is legal and does not contain THC, except in microscopic quantities but contains other essential cannabinoids as well as terpenes.
Firstly, the hemp plant undergoes an extraction process where its compounds are transformed in a way that helps create a nutrient-rich dark to clear light green liquid, with a nutty flavor. The idea behind extraction is to use a solvent to separate the active compounds like cannabinoids and terpenes which can later be used in a form of oil to help produce products we know of.
While several extraction methods exist, all experts agree that every method has its pros and cons. The most frequent one used among brands is the CO2 Extraction, which can be performed in two ways: as supercritical or subcritical extraction.
The supercritical method uses high temperatures to treat the CO2 and extract greater amounts of CBD, while the subcritical method uses lower temperatures to help preserve additional beneficial compounds. Both methods use the same amount of pressure, but supercritical extraction takes less time.
Ethanol Extraction is another popular method. Although ethanol is a great solvent for extracting cannabinoids and terpenes the production itself takes longer and products made with oil obtained this way are hard to make. This method uses room temperature to ensure better retention of hemp compounds.
One of the more gentle and lesser-used methods is lipid extraction. Using fats (often organic coconut oil) or “lipids” to separate compounds from the hemp plant this extraction eliminates the use of solvent and helps preserve plant-based color and flavor.
Before products can reach consumers, additional purification steps can be made to make sure it is ready for use. The extraction leaves the oil with fatty acids, plant waxes and other unwanted compounds which requires a purification process known as winterization to help remove plant material. High-proof alcohol is mixed with the CBD extract and left overnight to freeze. Unwanted material is later filtered using adequate paper filters while heat is used to remove alcohol from the mixture. Ethanol Extraction requires various other purification processes before the oil is ready for use.
After the extraction and purification process, the oil undergoes different laboratory testing before they are sold to consumers. It is always smart to do research on brands you buy CBD products from and feel free to reach out and ask about the production and testing of their products
Where you can get CBD Oil?
Depending on the type of product you are looking for, check our shop today and lookup for the product that fits your needs. Here at Medical CBD Oil, we are dedicated to quality and innovation and our goal is to produce the industry’s absolute highest quality CBD while using the most state-of-the-art growing and extraction techniques.
In the meantime, if you want to learn more about CBD oil, here are some articles that may be helpful: